See below for a summary of these main components:




The Mexican Revolution     
 1910-1920 
http://www.elbalero.gob.mx/kids/history/html/rev/home.html


	Causes

		Hacienda system (land concentrated in the hands of wealthy Mexican elite: Hacendados
 and foreigners) -- William Randolph Hearst, for example.
--800 families owned 90% of the land (approx.)
--Debt Peonage (labor system on the haciendas)

		El Porfiriato (lack of democracy)
--"Order and progress"
--científicos (advisors) -- positivism (Comté, Spencer, etc.)
--Foreign investments (infrastructure)
--railroads, mining, petroleum, etc.
--industry
--outward appearance of prosperity
--imitated Europe (France especially)
--police force (rurales and federales)
--severe poverty for majority of Mexican people

		Repression of Workers
--labor strikes (1906 -- Cananea copper mine and Rio Blanco Textile workers)
--strikes crushed as Diaz sent in troops


	  People 
		Pancho Villa
		Francisco Madero
		Emiliano Zapata
		General Huerta
		Venustiano Carranza
		Alvaro Obregon
		Lázaro Cárdenas
		Henry Lane Wilson



	Plans
		Plan de San Luis Potosi
		Plan de Ayala 

	Places
		Morelos
		Veracruz (US invasion and occupation 1914)
		Mexico City (DF)

	Events
		Creelman Interview 1908
		Diaz in Exile May, 1911
		Tragic Ten Days (Feb 1913)
--major fighting and destruction in Mexico City
--Madero killed afterward
		US invasion of Veracruz (1914)
--Tampico incident
--example of "dollar diplomacy" (occupation of port city)
		The Punitive Expedition (Hunt for Pancho Villa)
--"Blackjack" Pershing
--use of aircraft, armored vehicles
--unsuccessful (alomost 1 year without finding Villa)
--US involvement in WWI coincides with end of expedition
		Zapata and Villa in the capital
		Zimmerman telegram (1917)

	Battles
		Decena trágica (1913)
		Ciudad Juarez
 (May, 1911) 
		Battle of Celaya
--Villa suffers major defeat at hands of General Obregón (1915)



	Results
		PEMEX (1938)
		PRI (lack of democracy?)
--started by Calles in 1929
--name changed to PRI in 1946
--won every presidential election in Mexico for rest of 1900s (unitl Fox in 2000)
		Constitution of 1917
--Article 3 (education -- secular, obligatory, free)
--Article 27 (land reform, land belongs to Mexico (subsoil too)
--Article 123 (labor reform -- workers rights, strikes and unions legal, 
minimum wage, equal for men and women, etc.)
		Lázaro Cárdenas (1934-1940)